Tips on waste reduction and recycling


EPD figures show that over 230 tonnes of textiles (including used clothing) are dumped at landfills every day.
Waste reduction
  • Buy new clothing according to your needs, rather than being lured to buy more than you need through low prices.
  • Try on before purchase to ensure the new clothing fits. If the item cannot be returned, it will become waste.
  • Old and worn out clothing can be used for tearing up into cleaning cloths. If there are buttons on the clothing, remove them for future use.


  • Clean and undamaged used clothing, shoes and bags can be recycled.
  • Most hair accessories are made from plastic or metals. Damaged ones can be recycled.


Eating habits
Landfills in Hong Kong receive 3,237 tonnes of waste food each day. As the population is 7 million, this means on average, we each waste some 462 grams of food every day.
Waste reduction
  • When you dine out, order food according to your needs, rather than ordering excessive food.
  • Also when dining out, bring a box to take away leftover food.
  • For takeaways, you can also bring your own box, or at least prepare your own cutlery instead of using disposable items.
  • Try different ways of cooking to reduce waste. For example, more oil is needed for frying and deep-frying, resulting in more wastage.
  • There are several institutes that collect food waste for making compost. The government is also planning to build a compost centre on Lantau Island. Before you send food waste for recycling, remove any hard shells and bone, for easier decomposition.
  • If a takeaway box can be recycled or reused, clean it for reuse, or put in the plastic recycling box.
  • Cooking oil now can be recycled in Hong Kong. The waste oil can be made into natural soap after impurities are removed.


Each day, 3,500 tonnes of construction waste is dumped in Hong Kong’s landfills. This is about 26% of all Hong Kong’s waste.
Waste reduction
  • When you renovate your home or replace furniture, waste is generated. Make good use of old furniture, and donate unwanted furniture to charities or second-hand shops.
  • Make accurate estimates before you renovate your home, to avoid wasting materials. For more eco-friendly tips for home renovation, click here.
  • Set up simple recycling facilities at home. For example, put a plastic bag beside the rubbish bin, for recycling plastic bottles and metal cans.
  • Donate used furniture and electric appliances to charities. Upon repair, these can be transferred to needy persons.
  • For information on charities that collect used furniture and electric appliances in Hong Kong, click here.


Every one of us uses more than 3 plastic bags each day. Over 8 billion plastic bags are thrown away each year in Hong Kong.
Waste reduction
  • Avoid buying individually packed food or daily products.
  • Many plastic bags contain a layer of aluminium coating and cannot be recycled. Avoid them.
  • Take your own drinks bottle when you go out. If you need to buy a drink, choose a non-paper pack one, as a paper carton cannot be recycled or reused in Hong Kong.
  • Bring your own shopping bag. Reuse plastic bags you have taken. If a plastic bag is broken, recycle it. This will reduce the burden on our landfills.
  • If a newly purchased item proves unsuitable and cannot be returned to the store, donate it to needy persons. Unwanted new items can also be given to friends or resold.

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